Full Spectrum vs Isolate
Posted on October 18 2018
CBD comes in several derivatives and mediums, which vary in form (gummies, topicals, and oils – just to name a few) and effectiveness. In hemp oil, there are two main types of CBD formulas available today: full spectrum and isolate.
Full Spectrum vs Isolate
As the term suggests, full spectrum CBD comes with all the of the cannabinoids present in the plant. In hemp oil, this includes a long list of cannabis compounds, such as Cannabinol (CBN), Cannabicyclol (CBL), Tetrahydrocannabivarin (THCV) and Cannabichromevarinic Acid (CBCVA). It is crucial to point out that small amounts of THC can also be found in hemp. The government regulates concentration levels at 0.3% (dry weight) for “industrial hemp” products, resulting in very limited cerebral stimulation.
When CBD is in isolate form, it is separated from other cannabis compounds in the source plant. It was previously believed that CBD isolates were more potent and concentrated than full spectrum CBD.
Full Spectrum generally refers to CBD oil products that not only contain CBD, but also contain some terpenes and other cannabinoids such as CBG, CBN and even some THC. Usually, these will be in ratios that were naturally occurring and extracted from the plant and specific strain. They are also occasionally added back into products as an isolated form to raise the potency of the product. For those that get drug tested, Full Spectrum is something to be cautious about. The THC found in full spectrum hemp products is minimal (less than 0.3%), but can still trigger positive drug tests.
Isolate is typically the CBD oil product of choice for those who get drug tested or are sensitive to other cannabinoids such as THC. Products labeled as Isolate will generally be highlighted as being 99+% pure CBD. Usually, these products will have nothing but CBD in them because the CBD has literally been isolated from everything else. You can find pre-made isolate oils that typically consist of a carrier oil, such as MCT Oil, infused with the crystalline isolate powder. You can also find the “raw” crystalline powder or slabs (a form of concentrate) on its own.
To better understand how these two CBD formulas differ:
Imagine being presented with two types of spaghetti sauce. In the first bowl, you’ll find a simple spaghetti sauce made out of pure tomatoes (CBD isolate). In the second bowl, you can find a more complex spaghetti sauce, containing roasted garlic and fragrant Italian herbs (full spectrum CBD). It’s clear that both bowls are holding spaghetti sauce – but the second recipe is more flavorful and interacts with one’s taste buds differently (also known as the “entourage effect”).
Which One is Right for Me?
Based on the comparison above, full spectrum hemp oil is more effective than CBD isolate. Hemp oil is an extremely potent source of CBD (responsible for a large bulk of the oil’s cannabinoid profile). To fully reap CBD oil benefits, one should explore the different mediums of the compound available on the market today!